I reviewed the evidence of how "The Gospel of Thomas" was viewed by early Christian writers. It's obvious they have no knowledge of the text beyond its existence, and likewise have no idea how the NT was written or by who. Origen suspects the GoT is a historical account of Jesus but doesn't view it as "inspired" using criteria he's inventing as he goes along. It's all just guesswork. The GoT sayings are in riddle-like forms using metaphorical, spiritual language that traditional Christian readers, attempting to be literal, found baffling. For a recent scholarly effort to understand the unusual teachings on women, try this fascinating paper:

https://www.academia.edu/19327057/Gender_and_gnosis_Making_Mary_male_making_Jesus_female

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